government and the religious leaders see American democracy and American value
the biggest threat to their ruling and the existence of ruling clergy in Iran,
that is why from the day one, after Iranian Islamic revolution in 1979, the clergy
leadership decided to fight United States of America and become the secretive
ally of Sunni religious fanatics around the world.
When it became apparent that the
Before we go any further, we must understand the government structure in Iran to learn who is who and who is in-charge in Iran? How Iranian Islamic government train terrorists, plan their tasks and executes them.
To understand Iranian government structure, itís necessary to understand the Shiite religion structure as an institution.
Understanding Shiite religion:
with a famous quote from Shiite religion where it says
The tradition that "the Islamic jurists rule over the kings"† (2) («Š›řŚ«Ń Õė«„ ŕŠی «Š”Š«ōیš) - «Š”Šō«š ŔŠ «ŠŠŚ ›ی «Š«—÷ is undisputed.(2) , the implication of this quote is that, the Shiite clergy even rules over the kings, because Shiite doctrine and belief is that, the rule on earth belong to god and god assigned his representative to rule on his behalf and since the last ruler of
Shiite belief is in hiding, therefore the Shiite clergy rule on his behalf. It implies that If kings really follow Islam, they should follow the Islamic Jurist of jurisprudence and
if the Shiite jurist are not holding the power then the rulers whether, they are kings, presidents, chieftains,† ask their permission to rule. This approach makes the jurists the real rulers and, therefore, the power officially be vested in them and not to those who are compelled to follow jurists, as they do not know the law.
The Shiite brand of Islam among many pillars has six important pillars as below:
1 Ė The Taqieh (Arabic Taqia, Persian Taqieh) principle which means the act of dissimulation.
2 -† Imitation and the source of imitation and source of immolation principle
3 -† The expediency
4 -† The Imamís (Saints) innocence
5 -† The ceremonies principle
6 Ė The hidden Imam
The word Taqieh (Arabic Taqiya or Taqiyya) literally means: "Concealing or disguising
one's religious and non religious beliefs, convictions, ideas, feelings,
opinions, and/or strategies at danger or conflicts time, whether now or later
in time, to save oneself from Physical and mental injury or to promote oneís
interest."† A one-word translation would
A better interpretation of Taqieh (Taqiyya) is lying under oath that is sanctioned
by Shiite religion.
In todayís Shiite realm itís called Shiite diplomacy and non Shiite call it Shiite hypocrisy, because it encompasses a comprehensive spectrum of behaviors that serve to further the vested interests of Shiite parties involved in middle east conflicts.
one of the Shiite highest religious authority in
Iraq, Ayatollah Ali Al-Sistatani describes the
concept of Taqieh or the act of Dissimulation as follows, Taqieh or
Dissimulation (Taqiyya) is the uttering of the
tongue, while the heart is comfortable with faith and objectives:
"1)Taqieh is done for safety reasons and protection of Islam. For example, a person fears that he might be killed or harmed, if he does not observe Taqieh. In this case, it is obligatory to observe Taqieh (from Arabic translation).
2) Reconciliatory Taqieh. This type of Taqieh is done when a person intends to reconcile with the other side or when he intends to soften their hearts to protect his interest or rights. This kind of Taqieh is permissible but not obligatory, still recommended as a matter of consistency (from Arabic translation).
3) Sometimes, Taqiyah may cause a more important obligation to be lost or missed, if so it is forbidden. For example, when I know that silence would cause oppression and infidelity to spread and will make people go astray, in such a situation it is not permissible to be silent and to dissimulate (from Arabic translation).
4) Sometimes, Taqiyah may lead to the death of an innocent person. If so, it is not permissible. It is therefore haram (forbidden) to kill another innocent person to save your own life, exceptions are made if the person is not innocent.
ďAccording to the Shia scholar Muhammad Husain Jafari Sahiwal, Shi'ism would not have spread if it wasn't for Taqieh or act of Dissimulation. (Referring to instances where Shiites have been ruthlessly persecuted by the Sunni political elite, during the Umayyad and Abbasid empires.Ē
ďThe Sunni view is that Shiite doctrine of Dissimulation isn't in accordance with its acceptable use in Islam. They assert that Shi'ites have been using Taqieh (taqiyya) or act of Dissimulation as a tool of deception, not to save their own lives, but to cause strife for the Sunnis and their political leadership and in recent history to westerners, †and for conspiratorial implantation of their own minority faith among the mainstream Muslim faith.Ē† †And to protect their political, economical interests.
1 -† All Iranian Islamic
governmentís activities are designed around Taqieh ro
Dissimulation principle that is why, itís important to explain the Taqieh
(Arabic Taqia) principle, the Taqieh or Taqia (Arabic) is the act of dissimulation.
Definition of the act of dissimulation is concealment of truth and the concealment of true intention of a Shiite Muslim and not making their intention public or known to the opponents.
The Shiite brand of Islam is the only religion in the world and history that allows lying even under oath due to belief in the act of dissimulation.
of Dissimulation is sanctioned by Shiite religion and gives †protection to the Shiiteís† liars, therefore if a Shiite Muslim lies
under oath or under any circumstance, god will forgive him and his sins and
supreme leader who is the source of imitation or Imam will cleanse the sin from
him or her and this is a type of Shiite stereotyping.
It is mandatory for every Shiite Muslim to practice the Taqieh (the act of dissimulation), practicing the act of dissimulation is strongly encouraged and mandatory, if a Shiite does not practice the act of dissimulation, he or she would be violating the Shiite principles and therefore committing a sin, he or she most definitely will not be forgiven and will go to hell.
are blood enemy of Sunni Muslims and vise versa
but the Taqieh principle allows
the Shiites to be allies with Sunni where their interest demands. The best
example is Iranian government support for Al-Qaeda, Osama Bin Laden and other
radical or fanatic Sunni Muslim movements and fighters such as Hamas and
Islamic Jihad in
†It is no surprise that many Al-Qaeda leaders are living in Iran ( will provide evidence in next article or next part) and the Iranian government provides safe heaven for them, in addition, provides them with weapons training, planning, plan execution, forged documents such as passports, financial support and transportation.
example is the Iranian government support for Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood
movement where Iranian revolution guards in its infancy supported and trained
the assassination of Egyptian president Anwar Sadat in 1981 over the asylum of
Iranian support for Taliban and Hezb Islami
2 Ė The source of
imitation principle which in Farsi is called Marjae Taqlid:
The source of imitation is a Shiite clergyman who has mastered the Shiite religion theology and is called Ayatollah.
†Each Shiite person must follow one of the numerous sources of imitations, in another word every Shiite, man and women, young and old must be follower of an Ayatollah, if a person does not imitate after an Ayatollah, he or she cannot be a Shiite therefore is an infidel.
The Shiite rules and belief Hierarchy is similar to Catholicism hierarchy with stronger emphasize on strict following of an Ayatollah. The founder of twelve-Imami of Shiite sect was King Ismail Safavid, who was the son of Martha, the daughter of Uzun Hasan by his Pontic Greek wife Theodora, better known as Despina Khatun, Theodora was the daughter of Emperor John IV of Trebizond whom Uzun Hassan married in a deal to protect Trebizond from Ottomans. King Ismail due to his lineage to Christianity had mastered the Christian orthodox and Catholicism that is why a lot of similarities are built into Shiite twelve-Imami hierarchy.
3 Ė The expediency is the act of changing the religious rules to suit the Shiite religion interest by the source of imitation and the Ayatollah, the leaders of expediency can change the religious rules, edicts† and directives at will to advance Shiite interest and the public followers must accept them. For instance if drinking beer is forbidden, the Ayatollah can issue an edict and make it permissible to drink beer for quenching the thirst.
†††† Or when Iranian supreme leader announces to the world that manufacturing and use of nuclear weapon is not permissible by Islam and by Shiite religious rules while no where in Quran, Shiite testaments, Sunni testaments and Islamic doctrine manufacturing and using weapon of mass destruction is discussed or even mentioned. This is clearly a big lie that Ayatollah uses to deceive the world about his intentions.
†††† The Ayatollah can change the rule and can make it permissible and he can use the principle of Taqieh or act of dissimulation to hide his Intention.
††††† He can alter the
ruling by using the expediency principle, and make it permissible on the ground
Consider the following excerpts from Shiites scholars:
ďGovernance Is a Primary Rule and Has Priority over Secondary RulesĒ
If the government powers were considered within the domain of the Divine
secondary rules, the delegation of the Divine government and the absolute wilāyah (guardianship) to the Prophet Muhammad (s.)
would be a meaningless phenomenon.
The governance, which is a part of the absolute wilāyah(guardianship) of the Prophet Muhammad (s.), is among the primary Islamic Shiiteís rules and takes precedence over the whole secondary rules including the prayer, fasting and Hajj (Ayatollah Rohallah Khomeini in a speech in Iranian† month-year Daymah 1366- Õėś„ ėŚ ‘ŕ»Ś «ی «“ śŠ«ی „ōŠřŚ —”śŠ «ŠŠŚ «” ° یėی «“ «Õė«„ «śŠیŚ «” ś „řŌ„ »— „«„ «Õė«„ ›—ŕیŚ° Õ ی š„«“ ś —ś“Ś ś ÕŐ «”
ď,†††† ¬ی «ŠŠŚ ő„یšی° Ōی „«Ś† ۱۳۶۶ ).
The Islamic ruler (Ayatollah) can demolish a mosque or a house, which obstructs a street, and pay the owner its price or pay nothing to the owner. He can also temporarily ban the mosques Ė when necessary Ė or demolish a mosque, which proves detrimental to the public good, in case it is impossible to prevent its harm without destroying it. The clergyman lead government can unilaterally revoke a Sharia (Sharia=religious law and ruling, religiously permitted law is called Sharia law) contract that it has itself signed with people when it is understood to be against the interest of the county or Islam. It is also able to stop any practice, be it a worship or not, if it is recognized to be against the good of Islam. The clergyman lead government can even temporarily prevent performing Hajj (pilgrim to
ďOur Infallible Imams (a.) had just used this same point Ė that the Imam (the religious leader) has to have superiority over others Ė to prove their imamate. Also, the queries that Shīite scholars raise and criticize others fall within this very domain when they say: the caliph did not know the answer to a question about the Islamic Law or he did a certain act which was against the Islamic law, so he was not qualified for this office.(1)Ē, therefore Imam Ali and his Sons Hasan and Hosain are the rightful CaliphĒ.
another example of disregard for people and expertise is the following quote from the office of supreme leader of Iran from Imam Khomeini† ďMuslims consider justice and knowing the law as essential conditions and basic elements while other things are neither significant nor necessary. For example, to know how the angles are or what the characteristics of the Creator (Allah) are has nothing to do with the matter of leadership. Similarly, suppose someone knows everything about physics and has discovered all the natural forces or knows music well, he will neither be qualified to be a caliph nor be given priority Ė over those who are just and knowledgeable in Islamic law Ė to occupy the office of leader.Ē.
The wali or the welaih means ruling on behalf of god, administering justice, collecting taxes directly from people and those taxes are numerous, number one is Khums which is 1/5th of people income which amounts to
20% of ones income, the second is the Zakat which is a tax on luxury goods and services and extra income then the established income which we may call supplemental income, the percentage of Zakat is established by the jurist, some times its 10% or up, the next level of taxation is the Jazieh (tax in lieu of conversion to Islam= tribute) and Fedieh (Ransom) which is a tax imposed on infidels or non-believers in Islam who live on Muslim lands or a tax imposed on protectorate infidel territories.
Wilāyah (Arabic) or velayat (Persian) (Guardianship) and Right of Ownership:
In Shiite Islam, it is legal to own property but it is restricted by certain limitations. Limitation of ownership is among the issues, which are within the jurist's area of competence due to his wilāyah (guardianship); which [guardianship of the jurist] is, unfortunately, not clear.
†In spite of the fact that ownership is respected by the sacred Legislator, walī al-amr (the Leader of Muslims) has the power to restrict a legal property or even confiscate it if he realizes that such ownership goes against the interest or advantage of Islam and Muslims.(13) ď
4 Ė The Ayatollah and Imams are pious and innocent, they can never commit sins, would not make mistakes and god had made them this way, therefore they are godís representative on earth and every follower must listen to them and follow their orders. Governing the people is godís given duty to them to implement godís will.
5 Ė All the events of martyrdom of Imam Husain and Imam Hassan, Imam Ali sons must be reenacted yearly; the reenactment must be repeated 7 and 40 days after the events reenactment.† The passion Ė play and miracle play are mandatory requirements.
With metallic chain, slashing their heads and babies heads with a dagger to draw blood, reenacting the killing of Omar the 2nd caliph of Sunni Muslim sect. reenacting the burning of Omar the 2nd caliph of Sunni Muslim sect., jeremiad and dirge are mandatory, these performances are used to depress and soften the heart and mind of Shiite Muslims so that they can be suggestible, brain washed and controlled.† The pity and compassion arises from the depressed minds and the clergy is seen as the person who rising to the occasion to heal the 1400 years of wounds.
To implant the strong instinct of giving ones life for the clergy and religion, the clergies implant such ideas in these events in people mind while people are not aware and are very Receptive of suggestions. The Shiite clergies have perfected the science of psychology and art of brain Washing. A happy mind cannot easily be manipulated but a depressed mind can easily be manipulated and receptive of suggestion and implanting the ideas becomes easy, therefore they use these events to make people mind Depressed and control their minds.† In these events they select their suicide bomber.
6 Ė The hidden Imam: the belief is that the twelfth imam went to hiding and installed the Ayatollahs, as his successor until he reappears and every Shiite Muslim are to obey the Ayatollahs until his coming.
he remains in hiding until the world is full of sin, killing, rape, murder, and
The fanatics believe to hasten his reappearance, they even Believe for their hidden Imam to reappear faster, they must go on killing spree and must use weapon of mass destruction to kill all Non-believers.
The fanatics supported by Iranian revolution guards and office of supreme leader have organized crime groups. These groups are sent to Bahai religious communities to assassinate Bahaiís and also sent to Iranian Sunni communities and provinces to assassinate Sunni religious leaders, to create more hatred and chaos so their hidden Imam will appear faster.
The Iranian system of government deliberately designed to function as two separate entities with one having the real power, the top tier is the policy, politics designer and another one would be the implementer.
The top tier government consist of Supreme leader, which the power is vested in him as godís representative and will control the judiciary, the regular armed forces, the revolution guard forces, the Basij militia, the print, audio, video and electronic media, the guardian council, the expediency council and the constitution. The guardian council over sees the national assembly.
The second tier
government or implementer government is elected by popular vote and has no
executive power. All the important and executive policies have a red line drawn
around them that forbid the national assembly and the elected president form entering such as foreign policy is reserved for
supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khaminaey and president can not act On the foreign policy
without permission from Ayatollah Khaminaey.†
The second tier, which we call the implementer government, takes the role of implementing the will of top tier unelected government and its duty is to legislate the top tier government will and to give the will of supreme leader legitimacy. The execution of the will of top tier government is the job of second tier government for domestic consumption and hiding and shielding the true ruler from world public opinion.
national assembly is part of the second tier government and as implementer tier
must take the will of the top tier government and legislate it.
Its duties also include the supreme leadersí exoneration from misdeeds.† Itís job is taking all the blames for wrongdoing to make the supreme leader appear pious and innocent.
tier government or implementer plays two major roles; one is to make the
supreme leader† appear innocent and pure
in the eyes of Iranian citizens and the world, the other is to makes Iran
appear a democratic country. The Taqieh principle is implemented when the Iranian
president and the National Assembly members are elected. This behavior makes
republic revolution guards, the strong arm of top tier government is executing
All the illegal activates against human rights, the terrorist activities, the Iranian decedents assassination, The bombing of
The bombing of United states of Americaís embassy in Kuwait, high jacking of Kuwait airways planes, killing American, intruding into people privacy, covering the women from head to toe to make them look like ghost, training the Hezbollah, Hamas, Islamic Jihad, Taliban and Al-Qaeda terrorists, and financial support for this groups are executed by the top tier government revolution guard and its foreign wing the Quds force.
However, the two governments are connected on the top to the supreme leader and all the power is vested in supreme leader and the clergies. The supreme leader own the vested power, which controls the army, secret police, prison system, they also control judiciary, and the other would be the elected president, cabinet members and the parliament. The role and function of each one is predefined. The two are as below:
The assembly of expert
The guardian council
The parliament and parliament members
The answer is in Shiite religion doctrine. The Shiite religion has been struggling since 1400 years ago to establish the divine rule as prescribed by the Faqih (jurist-consult or jurisprudence).
started as a political movement supporting Ali (cousin and son-in-law of
Muhammad, the Prophet of Islam) as the rightful caliph of the Islamic state
after the death of Prophet Mohammed. The legitimacy of this claim, as initially
envisioned by Aliís supporters was based on his perceived righteousness, tribal
customs, his close relation to the Prophet and prophet Muhammadís alleged
designation of Ali as his successor,. Aliís right passed with his death in 661
AD to his son Hasan, who chose not to claim it, and after
Hasanís death, the right was passed on to Hosain, Aliís younger son. The evolution into a religious
formulation is believed to have begun with the martyrdom of Hosain
in 680 AD at
The central belief of Twelve-Imami Shiites is the occultation (or disappearance from view) of the 12th Imam. The 12th Imam is considered the only legitimate and just ruler, and therefore the Shiite clergies should rule on his behalf until he reappears.
The religious authority of the Shiite clerics is
derived from their role as deputies of the absent 12th Imam; they
are as such the recipients of the Khums (religious
tax= 1/5th of an individual or entityís income) (Arabic, khums=1/5th = 20% of income tax), a source of
substantial economic autonomy for Shiite Clerics. Shiite clerics are often
referred to as Mullahs and Mujtahids.
The most prominent clerical position is that of marja al-taqlid or source of imitation. The Shiite clergy does not, however, have a formal hierarchy but the hierarchy is traditionally maintained from lower ranking obeying the higher ranking and the masses following both the lower and higher ranking. The honorific ayat Allah or ayatollah [sign of God] is a title that does not correspond to any established religious function and its an honor bestowed upon the highest ranking and most experienced by tradition.
emphasizes that the rule of law belong to god and god has chosen the
jurisprudence to be his representative until the twelfth Imam (Imam Mahdy) appears on earth to establish justice. Until then
the jurisprudence is in-charge of ruling the people. In the past 500 years in
Iran all the kings who have ruled Iran has been blessed by the jurisprudence to
rule on their behalf. The ruling has been a loan from the jurisprudence to the
King. The duty of the ruling king and the jurisprudence is to expand the Shiite
Islamic law called sharia, convert other faiths to
Shiite Islam to make preparation for coming of twelfth Imam. If people are not
converted to Shiite Islam then the people will not obey the divine rule
therefore itís a must to convert people of other faith even by force if
necessary as Khomeini has said.
In a country that
officially have a parliament, and the legislative branch, what is the need for
another body to make laws? In a democracy the laws are made by legislative
branch such as upper and lower house of parliament but in Islamic
† 1. Determining the defense and national security policies within the framework of general policies determined by the Leader, and the leader is the supreme leader Ayatollah Khaminaey.
†† 2. coordination of activities in the areas relating to politics, intelligence, social, cultural and economic fields in regard to general defense and security policies; and
†† 3. Exploitation of materialistic and
intellectual resources of the country for facing the internal and external
This body goes beyond its defined role and issuing laws, regulations to curtail and
limit the Iranian citizenís rights, limit the use of Internet, issuing directives to harass and arrest women who donít observe proper Islamic dress codes, determines Iranian foreign policy, by passing the courts and issuing arrest warrants against
body even issue arrest warrants against sitting parliament members who are
supposed to enjoy political immunity to silence the opposition in parliament.
The power of dissimulation, expediency and emulation
The belief in
dissimulation, expediency and emulation so strong that become second nature to
The dissimulation, expediency and emulation can be preserved, selectively used and applied when necessary and the resolve is also plays a major role in Shiite nature to application of these three principles.
The door to repent for those who donít always follow it is always open. To show the power of dissimulation, expediency and emulation, letís look at couple of real instances that occurs in Iranian recent history:
General Hossein Fardoust
was Mohammad Reza Shahís (Shah of
General Fardoust server the Shah since he was 6 or 7 years old, he went to primary school with Shah, he went to High School with Shah to Switzerland and he became his best friend and confidant while he was in power for more then 37 years. He served as deputy of Savak (Shahís intelligence force), day-to-day affairs of that security and intelligence bureau and for 20 years headed the Special Intelligence Bureau of
General Fardoust was SAVAK within SAVAK, every thing that this man had was given to him by Shah and no one ever thought that he would ever betray the Shah and change side to support Khomeini yet after the over throw of Shah, he and General QaraBaghi remaind in Iran while other generals who were associated with Shah, all left Iran for Europe or United states.
In April of 1987, General Fardoust appeared in public for the first time in a television "interview" with Islamic authorities. He acknowledged that he had secret meeting with Mehdi Bazargan, the firs prime minister after the revolution, before the revolution victory and had pledged his support to Khomeini and the revolutionaries.
He described and denounced the life of the Shah of
In the interview he claimed 10,000 full-time investigators were needed by the Special Intelligence Bureau just to keep track of the money-grabbers and plunderers in the Shah's elite. The oath that General Hussein Fardoust took to server and protect the Shah and the oat was reaffirmed every morning, did not stop him from betraying the Shah and protecting the Ayatollahs.
After keeping his resolve for more then 37 years and discreetly believing in dissimulation, in his view, he finally fulfilled his dream of joining the pious few.†††
General Qarabaghi who was the joint chief of staff of Iranian armed forces during and before revolution also used the dissimulation, expediency and emulation principles to serve Ayatollah Khomeini, while he too, took the oath to serve and protect the Shah of Iran. At the end, he too betrayed the Shah of
these two and many other Iranian military generals, Due to strong belief in the act of dissimulation, expediency and the emulation principles, had disguised their support for Khomeini and the other Ayatollahs who were their source of imitation while serving the Shah.
The resolve of the Shiite men and women is remarkable.
At the end, general Fardoust repented and lived to tell the story and to prove the resilience of dissimulation, expediency and the emulation principles.
He wrote his voluminous memoir which is all against the Shah and was permitted to publish it and even received funding and financial support by the Islamic republic if
General Abbas QarabaqGhi who also served the Shahís court for 37 years, at the end succumbed to dissimulation expediency and abandoned the Shah but his repent was not accepted by Khomeini, therefore he chose to leave Iran couple of days after the revolution victory.
The dissimulation, expediency and emulation history is being repeated on this side of
The Alavi foundation is a charitable foundation that Islamic
The Alavi Foundation, a pseudo-charitable organization that funds pro-Iranian, anti-American institutions within the
The Alavi Foundation receives money from Iranian government as well as
receives money from the rental income of an office building in
the rental property is an office building called office tower (the "Building"), at 650 Fifth Avenue,
Alavi Foundation has defined its mission as:
†ē Grants to colleges and universities
ē Donations to Persian schools
ē Donations and loans to Islamic organizations
ē Free distribution of Islamic books
ē Donations for disaster relief funds
ē Support of the arts
ē Scholarly research
ē Student loans
each specific objective has specific goals to accomplish and to build the Islamic Republic of Iran lobby in
the Grants to colleges and universities is a disguise to build influence through the academia to establish the Ayatollahs lobby, as often is the case, the academia belong to policy research institutions that influence United States foreign policies.
The scholarly research is direct money given to individual researchers where the researchers can spend some of the grant on the projects and some other take for their own personal spending and use.
a large number of Ayatollah and Islamic
some of the Islamic Republic of Iranís lobbying individuals who use the Alavi foundation funds to advocate acceptance of Islamic Republic of Iranís uranium enrichment programs under the disguised notion of peace.
one of such individual is Dr. Houshang Amirahmadi who is the founder and the president †The American Iranian Council also is founder of the Center for Iranian Research and Analysis and served as its director for many years and Dr. Amirahmadi is also the president of Caspian Associates, Inc, located in in
He was a candidate for President in the Ninth Presidential Election in
Dr. Amirahmadi promotes Islamic
a professor to persuade the American people to accept
Dr. Amirahmadi uses the dissimulation, expediency to hide his intentions while using American provided facilities and funds to promote the Shiite Muslim agendas and working against
The individuals like Dr. Amirahmadi portray Iranian radical elements as moderate and some as reformists such Iranian ex-president Mohammad Khatami and portrays Hashemi Rafsanjani as moderate, while there are no moderation elements in Mohammad Khatami and Hashemi Rafsanjani.
This is done so to misguide the American foreign policy about
Islamic republican of Iranís Economy
To be continued.
Note: This article is the authorís opinion, view and is not the Balochistan United Front Federal Republican official position. Therefore Balochistan United Front Federal Republican is not responsible for itís content.
1 - Islamic republic of Iran constitution
2 Ė the office of Iranian supreme leader website: http://www.leader.ir/langs/EN/, the two basic qualification of supreme leader - †Imam Rohollah Khomeini - http://www.leader.ir/langs/FA/index.php?p=leader_imam
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