Iranís proxy war against USA

Part 2:

Islamic Republic of Iranís Economy:
Taqieh (Taqia), the act of dissimulation at work and the act of dissimulation economic application and execution on a grand scale.

The Iranian economy is a military-mafia run economy, where all the import and exports٬ construction projects, scientific research and development, building ports. Real estates, Roads, freeways, cell phone projects and operation, airports construction and administration, irrigation projects, radio and television operation, Tehran Metro, railway, Hotels and hospitality service sector, tourism and so many more are concentrated in Iranian top tier government realm with the office of supreme leader directly in control.

Even Tehranís stock exchange and market is run by top tier government and office of supreme leader with no regulations enacted by Iranian parliament at all, the revolutions guards top and middle ranking generals, office of Ayatollah Khaminaey (office of supreme leader), other Ayatollahs, supreme leaders office representatives in major cities are the regulators and CEOís of Iranian economy at will.
Itís surprising that the foreign investors even take a chance to invest in
Iran with such a high degree of financial risk and unaccountability.
However most of the Iran foreign investors are not western investors except some Turkish enterprises but are Malaysian and Malaysian royals, Korean, UAE investors with Iranian roots, some high ranking Pakistani religious leaders, high ranking Muslim royals who can deal directly with revolution guards corps and office of Ayatollah Khaminaey (the supreme leader) with financial tit for tat and spread the risk of doing business among themselves and the office of supreme leader.
Iranian parliament has the authority to approve the elected government budget, yet it has to set aside extra money for Revolution guards corps, Quds force, paramilitary Basij militia, office of supreme leader, the guardian council, the assembly of experts, radio and television, print and electronic press, at the same time the revolution guards corps, Quds forceand Basij militia get their allocated budget through the elected government budget, it means the revolution guards corps, Quds force and paramilitary Basij militia force get double their required budget.

The estimated revolution guards, Quds force and the office of supreme leader foreign aids to Hezb-allah, Palestinian Hamas and Islamic Jihad, Sudanese government, Sudanese Janjavid Arab militia, Somalis Islamic militia, Egyptian Muslim brotherhood, Philippineís Muslim rebels and Abusyaaf, southern Thailandís Muslim rebels, Al-Qaeda, Afghan Taliban, north east of Pakistani Shiites, Indonesian radical Muslim rebels is $15 billion (USA 15 billion dollar). A year.
In addition to this, the supreme leaders office and top tier government owns all charitable and non profit organizations called Bonyads (charitable foundations) such as account 100 (created by Ayatollah Khomeini), the martyrsí foundation (Iran-Iraq war martyrs), the Hosainieh (place for enacting the martyrdom of Ali, Hosain and Hasan), all the Boniads (charitable foundations) and numerous other non-profit organizations.
The Revolution Guards corps alone owns one thousand seven hundred (1700) companies and organizations.
Article 147 was added to Iranian constitution to allow Revolution guards corps to take part in economic activities, through the article 147 of constitution, the revolution guards corps owns a huge industrial complex called ř—«—ź«Ś ”«“šŌźŪ ő« „«Š«š»Ū«Ń (Khatamol-anbia development headquarter), where they bid on every projects that Iranian government announces such as development of oil fields, dam constructions, Port constructions, shipping lines, irrigation canals construction, airports construction, airports operations, mining operations, tunnels constructions, river beds dredging, low cost airlines (Iran Aseman airlines owned by a foundation called Iranian Civil Pension Fund Investment Company owned and managed by supreme leader office
), bus terminals, metropolitan public transportation management,trucking companies, missile and weapons manufacturing, airplane manufacturing, freeways constructions and with no exceptions, the bids are awarded to revolution guards.
The Iranian 20 years privatization plan calls for privatizing all government owned institutions, enterprises and corporations and selling them to
private sector.
This plan was created to transfer the great government institutions, enterprises, corporationís wealth to top tier government owned charitable organizations such as Bonyads, thus creating a legitimate avenue for transfer of wealth and ownership to supreme leader and revolution guards.

By some estimates, the revolution guards, Basij militia and other wings of revolution guards employs about 2 million people and through the meager wages that it pays to the employees, controls the whole nation. The employees of Basij militia and Sar-allah have a regular job and conduct spying activities on people where they do their regular day jobs.
For instance, a clerk in an office is a Basij member and while doing clerical works in an office draws salary from the office at the same time draws salary from Basij militia and the revolution guards.

The revolution guards and Basij militia have their own, unregistered ports and Jetties to off load their purchases from abroad without paying due tariffs and taxes to the elected government. Then the off loaded products are tucked to desired destinations inside Iran.
The import of house hold goods and products are done by revolution guardís non-profit organizations as well as Basij militia owned non-profit organizations.
the Iranian government used to have and still may have two currency exchange policies, which one is called government official exchange rate that is used by Revolution guards, Basij militia and their associates and the exchange rate is one USA dollar for 1700 Iranian Rial,with this exchange rate,revolution guards and Basij militia can buy products, cheap overseas and sell at the market price after import in Iran.
One example is car or agribusiness machinery, where Basij and revolution guards owned companies buy a Toyota land cruiser from Japan for $28,000.00 at whole sale price and with cheap exchange rate and after import to Iran, sells it for $60,000.00, because the revolution guard and Basij, exchanged 47,600,000.00 Rial (47 million, six hundred thousands Rial) for $28,000.00, bought and sold the car in Iran for $60,000.00 an made a handsome $32,000.00 profit.
The second exchange rate is for commoners and business man outside the supreme leaderís apparatus, where the exchange rate is, one USA dollar for 9800.00 Rial, and
if the business man was to buy the same car in Japan with same price of $28,000.00 would cost him 274,400,000.00 Rial (two hundred seventy four million four hundred forty thousand Rial) while it cost the revolution guards 47,600,000.00 (47 million, six hundred thousands Rial. The cost difference between the ordinary business man and the revolution guard is 226,800,000.00 Rial (two hundred twenty six million eight hundred thousands Rial) that ordinary business man pays more then the revolution guards.
Since revolution guards and Basij militia and their leaders own the shipping lines and tucking companies, they smuggle narcotic drugs such as opium, heroin, morphine from Afghanistan war lords, Taliban and Pakistani smugglers through Iranian south eastern boarders, the province of Sistan and Balochistan with Pakistan and Afghanistan and truck the narcotics to Armenian and Azerbaijan boarder with Iran, to port city of Bandar Abbas, Bushehr, Abadan, Chabahar for smuggling to Persian gulf countries, Africa, Europe, Latin Americas, United states and Canada. They also trade weapons for drugs with Taliban and Al-Qaeda.
The narcotic drug smuggling is a major source of income for revolution guards corps and its chiefs. Their major drug destination is
Nigeria, Somalia, and Uganda. Some of the West African countries are the destination for distribution to United States of America and Canada, also two of their major destination is Colombia and Venezuela, From there, their distributors dispatch their mules for delivery to Europe and Mexico.

The oil and gas exploration in Persian Golf and other part of Iran is another major source of income for office of supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khaminaey using numerous front companies. The normal approach is that the second tier government which is the elected government will sign a contract with a western company to develop the oil fields or to create and manage a cell phone grid. Once the western companies have delivered the equipments, material and the project is halfway done,
the revolution guards corps and Basij front companies will force the elected government which holds the contract, to find fault with western companies, pass a bill to cancel the contract or to penalize them for violating the contract, and transfer the contract and the whole project operation, equipment and tools to revolution guards corps companies.
What happened here, the revolution guard corps acquired equipments, machineries, and a halfway done project without investing their on resources; they will complete the project and own it. Such was the case with Imam Khomeini airport when it was ready for operation.
The Imam Khomeini airport contract was awarded to French company ADP, after two years of operation the contract was cancelled and awarded to Bonyads (foundation) of Mostazafan and Janbazan which a charitable foundation and a public cartel wholly owned by office of supreme leader (supreme leader office owns foundations, revolution guards corps, Basij militiaÖ).
After the first terminal was completed by Bonyad Mostazafan and Janbazan, the Iranian civil aviation authority was not satisfied with the work progress and the quality therefore it was decided to give the construction and operation management to a Turk-Austrian company TAV (Tepe-Akfen-Vie) consortium of two Turkish (Tepe and Akfen) and an Austrian (Vie) companies to complete the project.
When the construction and operation readiness was completed, the
Iran's Revolution Guards Corps closed down Imam Khomeini International Airport on May 8, 2004, citing security concerns, just after it was officially inaugurated with the landing of a foreign aircraft.

They had stressed that the airport would remain closed as long as 'security provisions' were not met.
The parliament also passed an urgent bill, giving itself the prerogatives to scrap the two contracts if they are deemed a threat to national security.

The embattled President Mohammad Khatami had telephoned Turkeyís president and prime minister in a bid to ease the made up diplomatic fallout of his dispute with the Islamic republicís hardliners over foreign investment.
President Khatamiís action in line with the role of the second tier elected government role to cover up for the top tiered government which consist of Office of supreme leader, Revolution Guards Corps and Basij Militia, the dissimulation (Taqieh) and the Expediency principle was used here again.

The Parliament Deputies gave themselves the power to veto an airport operating contract signed with a Turkish-led consortium and a deal signed with Turkcell, Turkeyís biggest mobile phone operator, to set up the first Iranian private mobile phone network.
The vote ultimately gave the Imam Khomeini airport operation to Bonyads and it also warded the restaurants and Hotels operation in the airport and around it to Bonyads.

The revolution Guards Corps took over the oriental oil company (Iranian owned, registered in Dubai, UAE) which holds the lease to Orizont Romanian rig, the Orizont a Romanian oil rig working in waters off the coast of Iran. The rigís chief Mr. Viorel Petcu, reported that Iranians Revolution Guards Corps had started shooting and took over the rig. While he was informing Romania, the line then went dead as the Iranians commandeered the communications room and herded 19 Romanian workers onto the helicopter pad. Mr. Petcu, speaking later said that "it was like something you only see only on television".
In June of 2006, a Revolutionary Guard engineering group won a $2.3 billion contract to develop part of a big gas field in Iran's part of the Persian Gulf. That group also won a $1.3 billion deal to build a pipeline across Iran toward Pakistan.
The Revolution Guards Corps, The secretive paramilitary group uses revenues from business operations to fund, arms both violent Shiite militias in Iraq and Hezbollah, the Lebanese group and Muslim militants around the word. It runs feared prisons inside Iran. The Revolutionary Guard also has a big role that is less understood in the West: an active player in business. It builds highways, tunnels ,railroads and now the Revolutionary Guard has made an aggressive push into the backbone of Iran's economy, its oil and gas fields, one of the world's richest troves of fossil fuel.

Privatization:

After 1979 Iranian Islamic revolution, ten of thousands of well managed and profitable private business were confiscated and their ownership was transferred to the Islamic government.
The original owners were arbitrarily arrested and tried in Islamic court, tens of thousands of them were given life time jail and thousands of them were executed.
The Islamic government in its infancy changed the confiscated companyís management and brought in their own cronies to manage them and a lot of went bankrupt but great many of them survived and after the constitution was modified 6 years later, the owner ship was transferred to charitable foundations known as Bonyads where the Bonyads belong to supreme leader office, the Revolution Guards, Basij and the top tier government in general.
The 20 year plan was passed by parliament to privatize Iranís economy in 1988, the aim of this privatization is to transfer the public wealth concentrated in some government owned great organization to Bonyads and charitable organizations belonging to Clergy class and the office of supreme leader, Basij and Revolution Guards corps.
One such organization is the welfare department that the management and fun disbursement and clearance were transferred to Bonyads. The social security is managed by the Bonyads, the oil companyís subsidiaries and Oil ministryís owned government corporations are transferred to Bonyads. Great many Hotel chains were transferred to Bonyads including some of the hotel chains that were owned and operated by Iran Air (Homa).
the products import and export are solely reserved for Bonyads (charitable foundations), only some small retailers are left for public ownership and operation.
Iran imports millions of gallons of gasoline and the import, transportation, distribution, financial transactions are all owned by Bonyads.
The Bonyads have no competitions in their field of operation and therefore donít see a need for improving their products or services and objections to their services are met by harsh measures and imprisonments.
The great companies such Iran Khodro, Seipa, car manufacturing companies which are listed on Tehran Stock exchange are jointly owned by government and Bonyads, where the government own 40% and Bonyads own 60% .
There are more then 25 car makers in Iran, actively producing both light and heavy vehicles. These automakers are in joint venture with several popular international automakers such as Peugeot (France), Citroen (France), Volkswagen (Germany), Nissan (Japan), Toyota (Japan), Kia Motors (South Korea), Proton (Malaysia), Chery (China) and many other established producers of light and heavy vehicles such as Renault (France), B.M.W, Mercedes Benz (Germany) and Daewoo and Hyundai (South Korea). The Iranian Bonyads own the most of the join ventures and own majority stake in funding source.There are 1200 auto part makers which Bonyads own majority stake in them.
Tehran Stock exchange is another major financial transaction center owned by Bonyads with no clear governing rules and regulations. Insider trading is the trade mark of Tehran Stock exchange, manipulation the stock to go up or down is another financial criminal activity due to lack of market makers and investment banking regulations.
Thousands of investors from other major Iranian cities have lost their life savings in Tehran Stock Exchange.
Banking industry is another major playground for the top tier Iranian government where
the central banks chairman is not independent and can not make decisions to influence the capital flow in Iranís economy. The central Banks chief decisions are frequently overridden by Iranian president or by supreme leader depending on their Bonyadís sector are on losing end.
The banking industry is tailored to benefit the supreme leader and his apparatus such as Bonyads, Revolution Guards Corps Khatamol-anbia development headquarter organizations. The Banks are obligated to provide low interest loans to an arbitrary banking sector called leasing to provide loans to Bonyads where Bonyads are supposedly use the money to lend it to public to lease Cars, agribusiness machineries, big ticket item house hold products. While Bonyads receive the money, they use it for other investment in financial sector, funding their manufacturing activities, or trading in Tehran Stock Exchange to influence their own stock that are traded in TSE, while some use the money to make personal loans to their own friends and some times to public.
The mortgage and real estate industries is completely in Bonyads and revolution Guards control where they develop the confiscated properties (land) from citizens.
The development includes office buildings, apartment buildings, Hotels, ceremony Halls, Hoseinie (the enacting of Imam Hosain and Hasan martyrdom place) and sells or leases them to citizens or businesses.

Iranís proxy war against USA part two Ė continued.

Manufacturing sector of Iranian economy is slowly going under the top tier government control, started with transfer of Iran Khodro, Seipa (car manufacturers) to the Bonyads where they (Bonyads = charitable foundations owned by clergies)own 60% stake in of each Iran Khodro and Seipa.
By some accounts 43% of auto part manufacturing industry belongs to Bonyads. The building material manufacturing, cement factories, bricks and concrete block factories, to some degree, the metals are also owned by Bonyads. There are plans to bring the metal and steel industry under Bonyads total ownership.
This instance prove the move to that direction: The Shahid Investment Company a subsidiary of Bonyad-e Shahid, made a successful bid for Industrial development and Renovation Organization, The irony is that the government allocated fund to Bonyad-e Shahid for such purchase. The goal of the Top Tier government is to recycle the capital from public (government) to private ownership of clergies. The goal of privatization is not to make the Iranian Economy more efficient and effective and free but to weaken the government divestment and transfer the capital to clergyís holding companies.
The Iranian stock market was created to serve as an instrument for transferring the ownership of Iranian public owned capitals to clergy owning sector, where the Bonyads and clergy owned foundations legally buy the stocks of the public (government) holding companies stocks and eventually change the board of directors and transfer the companies to Bonyads.
Although some argue that the synergy created by this transformation will help the socio-economic development in Iran but the eventual goal of clergy is controlling the job market and the whole economy to strengthen their choke hold on citizens and to prevent social and political developments toward democratization and modernization.
While this transformation is taking place, Bonyad-e Mostazafan (the poorís foundation) has increased its food import due to the impact of ownership change from the government own companies to the clergies owned charitable foundations to help mitigate the short fall of job loss and increase in poor families. The Bonyad-e Mostazafan was created to give hand out to loyal clergies followers and to make the poor dependant on the clergies, mosques and also to create the impression among the poor that Islamic government helping its poor citizens.
Bonyade Astan Qods, one of the oldest foundations owns more then it can handle, such as Petrochemical companies, petrochemical industry is also dominated by Bonyads where the only chance to break away from oil dependence economy is seen, the charitable foundations has put their plans in motion to dominate the future
oil replacement commodities.
The only companies and business which are allowed to import cars, trucks, tractors, combines and agribusiness equipments are charitable foundations that owned by
supreme leader and his office, revolution guards corps and Basij militia.
The mining exploration, consultations and extractions are also awarded to revolution guardís corps owned foundations.
All the revenues from the charitable foundations business activities are distributed among the clerics who work for the office of supreme leader in different part of Tehran and other cities, revolution Guards corps high ranking staff such as majors, colonels, major generals and generals, the army generals, the navy and Air force
generals and Basij militia high ranking staff, in the mean time, some of the countryís budgets are also allocated to win votes among the citizens, and this funds are distributed to the poor who attend clerics arranged and managed religious activities.

The business monopoly is the real problem with this economic arrangement, where the business man can not compete with charitable foundations either by law or
by sheer size of the charitable foundations facilities. As a result the whole economy is controlled by a class of military-mafia that no one will have a chance to compete and do business in Iran; this is the primary reason that some four hundred thousands of Iranian have moved their capital to Dubai in United Arab Emirates and doing
business from Dubai. By some accounts Iranian owned business in Dubai generate about $25 billion (twenty five billion American dollars) for Dubai, thus charitable foundations and clergy owned business deprive Iran and Iranian citizens from the revenue generated in Dubai.
In the age of free market economy and free trade where the boundaries and tariffs among the regional countries have been demolished Iranian government still struggles with concept of fighting goods and services smuggling into Iran, which in this day and age is a shameful practice but to protect the charitable foundations interests and the interests of supreme leader, the revolution guards corps, the Basij Militia and other religious owned business, Iranian military and revolution guards corps are actively fighting the goods and services smuggling into the country. We should take note that the fight against the smuggling is not the fight against the drug
trafficking and drugs smuggling, the fight is against importing wheat, flour, sugar, fruits, cooking oil, rice, candy bars, breadsÖ without government permission and yet the government will not issue license for import of such products to citizens unless the citizen is well connected to the office of supreme leader and absolute guardianship of the clergy.


Payam Omid