This article was presented to Association des Chercheurs Iraniens (ACI)

( «šŐ„š Ā“śŚ‘ź—«š «Ū—«š), Iran Seminar in Germany

Dec 10, 11 2006.



As representative of Balochistan united front (federal republican) I thank the Iran pazhoheshgaran for arranging this discussion and for giving me the opportunity to present Baloch nationís grievances to a public forum which is concerned with the future of our beloved country Iran.

An opportunity that is not afforded to my Baloch brother and sisters in their own homeland Iran and Balochistan. A home land that is plagued with problems such as lack of freedom of expression, freedom of speech, freedom of press, belief and thoughts,  choice, election, selection and the list goes on. My dear home land has turned into a prison for every citizen of Iran.

Since most of us if not all of us have lived and living out side Iran in foreign

Countries therefore we donít have enough information about Iranian Balochistan so first

Let me present you the general life and situation in Iranian Balochistan to give you an idea so you can visualize the hardship that a person as Iranian Baloch goes through.


The poverty and backwardness:

Let me start with what doesnít exist for my Baloch people who called themselves Iranian.

Since the advent of Islam when the Arab forces defeated the Persian, the identity of Baloch has been under constant attack and usurped, the Baloch has been robbed of their identity because of Islamís philosophy of ommah. After the defeat of Persian all Iranian dynasties that ruled Iran were non-Iranian except Yaqoub saffari unfortunately his rein was short lived. All the ruling dynasties in Iran where trying to make use of religion to rob Baloch and other minorities living in Iran today of their identity. They tried to weaken Baloch culture, Baloch art, language, history, and undermined Baloch dignity and it has been working for the tyrants who ruled Iran for centuries and still going on.

As you may know every country needs money or a medium of exchange to rule and that medium of exchange is collected through general taxes levied upon the citizens and Baloch have been paying taxes for centuries to the central rulers but the taxes that they have paid were never spend in Balochistan to make Baloch life better, they never invested in Baloch advancement instead the taxes they have collect from Baloch were spent in Isfahan, Tehran, Shiraz, Mashhad and other cities whose majority is Persian speaking and the religion is Shiite. I ask you today what Baloch incentive to call them Iranian is, The Persian speaking public is so immersed in racism that when they see a Baloch, they donít ask him which city is he from. Or from which part of the country is he? They ask a Baloch right away ďare you afghani or are you Pakistani?Ē, the right way without implying racism is to ask which city are you from or which part of country are you from. This general behavior toward racism has become part of Iranian culture,

An Iranian culture that has turned each Iranian individual to have two personalities and always live in contradiction because these two personalities in one person are always challenging him, such as most Iranian are anti Arabs but yet they follow Arab culture and

Tradition as Muslims, even worst is that Iranian women have been forced to live a dual life and dual personality to survive in a male chauvinist dominated society, one personality is inside the house and another one is outside the house, we are all witnessing this dual personality in our Iranian life every day, there is no denying it.





For a nation to call them Iranian there must an incentive but for Baloch there isnít any. What kind of incentive are we talking about? We are talking about roads, schools, transportation, communications, infrastructures that support the business to support job creation to make Baloch life better.

Balochistan is the poorest province in Iran today, it was the poorest province when Pahlavi dynasty ruled Iran, and it was the poorest province before that while all of the rulers have collected taxes from Baloch. The rulers have not build roads to support trade; they have not created adequate power stations to supply electricity to the cities and rural areas,

They have not created adequate schools, they have not created health care facilities to diagnose and treat diseases. They have not created adequate communication infrastructures; they havenít even supplied safe drinking water to Baloch despite taking Baloch money.

For higher education Baloch are forced to go to the neighboring countries to study such as Pakistan, India the United Arab Emirates and Oman.

While Balochistan is strategically located in the south eastern of Iran which will support the trade to Iran, with Afghanistan, central Asian countries, the caucuses and Europe but no step was taken to facilitate the enormous advantage that Balochistan has to benefit Baloch and Iran.



The unemployment today in Balochistan according to some studies is 80%, Baloch youth graduate from high schools, trade schools and universities are not given a chance to utilize their labor and man power or their expertise.

I know that this gathering is about the future system of government in Iran but before I get to that part of discussion I like to point out the ground rules and reasons that we want a system of government that will be discussed later for Iranian, Iran, and Baloch in Iran.

We Baloch have always been marginalized and trivialized by the Persian majority, The Persian majority has deprived Baloch of water, food, healthcare, road, electricity, agriculture, tourism, telecommunication, education, art, culture, identity just to name a few.

The Baloch nation has not been allowed to decide its own destiny, because of tyranny imposed by the Persian majority.

Balochistan governors with broad authority have been sent to Balochistan from Tehran to rule the Baloch, to collect Baloch taxes, to plunder their properties, and impose a system of government that had destroyed every spec of hope for a better life.

Balochistan City mayors have been selected and sent from Tehran to collect taxes, to impose draconian government rules and regulations, the chief of the police has been assigned to destroy Baloch pride and dignity, the chief of the army has been assigned to

Farther destroy Baloch life, all the boundaries between the tyrants organizations have been obscured to the point that in Balochistan there has been no separation of executive,





Legislative and judiciary branches of government and all come to plunder. Believe it or not even a mailman and a plumber detain and persecute Baloch to strike fear in their hearts. It has never been witnessed that a Baloch to have an attorney in Iranian court.


For Baloch It is simply not allowed to have an attorney let alone the jury selection and prosecution. Baloch students are not allowed to study law because their religion is Sunni.


All the successful nations have embraced and celebrated the diversity, they value and cherish the diversity in its race, religion, culture forms, they try to create and maintain a diverse society because a diverse society brings diverse brains and minds which is recipe for success. Iran is a naturally diverse country; Iran is a natural diverse nation, which should have been more successful then any other country not just because of diversity alone because Iran used to be the cradle of civilization, Iran used to export democracy and freedom, Iran used to build nations, Iran used to free salves and preach

Peace and tranquility among nations, its Iranís tradition to be a front runner to promote

Human rights and advocate human dignity but for 1400 years Iran and Iranian have failed to resolve their own problems let alone world problems. 


The political system for Iran future:


During the constitutional revolution Iranian new what they donít want but they did not know what they want, therefore the constitutional revolution struggle and efforts were wasted, thousand of people lost their lives to establish democracy but they ended up writing a constitution that served no purpose such as Ďanjomahai ayalati va valayatií, that had no executive power and was designed to deceive the minorities out of their rights.

There were personalities such as Dr. Ali Shariati who dedicated his life to reconcile Islam

And democracy, turned and twisted the philosophy to create a convoluted terminology called religious intellectuals where the aim is to preserve the Islam and to make it a modern tool to stop economic and social progress. This confused philosopher called Dr. Ali Shariati was the victim of his own contradictions that all of us Iranian have come to live with, we have developed two personalities, one is true Iranian, and another is Islamic

Personality that we protect and preserve, this dual personality coming from our true belief in ďTaqiehĒ means dissimulation and ďmaslehatĒ means expediency, this make us all not to be true even to ourselves, because of this dual personality Iran has developed a nation that doesnít trust its own mother and sister and accept them only as subhuman whom get only half of heritage and 5 of the women testimony is equivalent to one man testimony and Shiite Islam is the only religion that I know of allows lying, encourages lying instead of condemning it.








In such a nation with such hypocrisy itís necessary to be blunt and demand a new contract where this contract is called constitution.

This constitution or new social contract has to be based on such sound foundations that

Would allow no dissimulation and expediency and recognizes each individual as equal regardless of gender, religion, race, belief.

The political system that Balochistan united front believes in is not new and its not foreign to Iranian, in fact it has been tried with an enormous success in Iran and proven superior to all other system of governments. A system of government that established freedom and democracy in ancient world and made Persia a household name, its success was so great that it made it a victim. It was the victim of ignorant and intolerance where it was seen as a danger to the interest of all tyrants in ancient world.

We are talking about Federal system of government. Why federal? Because in our view

The federal system of government is our heritage, on the great scale it was the system of government of achaemenid dynasty that lasted for 318 years, while Hellenistic Persian dynasty lasted only for 180 years because it was not a federal system of government and the Parthian confederacy based on the same system of government as achaemenid lasted for 376 years then we had another period of federal system of government during the Sassanid dynasty that lasted for over 425 years and on the smaller scale Baloch were and are a confederate tribes that are united under the federative umbrella rules.

Why do I claim that Federalism is our heritage? The answer is in analyzing the administrative system of government that Cyrus and Darius the greats had devised and imposed for they knew if they wanted to be successful they would have to honor the diversity, they would have to respect the conquered nations religion, culture, history, and identity. To create a unified country and a great empire they counted on administrative system of satrapis.


 Although I am aware that Johannes Althusius (1557-1630) is often regarded as the father of modern federalist thought.Ē  Because, He argued in Politica Methodice Digesta (Althusius 1603) for autonomy of his city Emden, both against its Lutheran provincial Lord and against the Catholic Emperor. Althusius was strongly influenced by French Huguenots and Calvinism. As a permanent minority in several states, Calvinists developed a doctrine of resistance as the right and duty of "natural leaders" to resist tyranny. Orthodox Calvinists insisted on sovereignty in the social circles subordinate only to God's laws. The French Protestant Huguenots developed a theory of legitimacy further, presented 1579 by an author with the telling pseudonym "Junius Brutus" in Vindiciae Contra Tyrannos. The people, regarded as a corporate body in territorial hierarchical communities, has a God-granted right to resist rulers without rightful claim. Rejecting theocracy, Althusius developed a non-sectarian, non-religious contractualist political theory of federations that prohibited state intervention even for purposes of promoting the right faith. Accommodation of dissent and diversity prevailed over any interest in subordinating political powers to religion or vice versa.Ē

Fundamentally dependent on others for the reliable provision of requirements of a comfortable and holy life, humans require communities and associations that are both instrumentally and intrinsically important for supporting [subsidia] their needs. Families, guilds, cities, provinces, states and other associations owe their legitimacy and claims to political power to their various roles in enabling a holy life, rather than to individuals' interest in autonomy. Each association claims autonomy within its own sphere against intervention by other associations. Borrowing a term originally used for the alliance between God and men, Althusius holds that associations enter into secular agreements ó pactum foederis ó to live together in mutual benevolence.

To prove that federalism is a western phenomenon we have Ludolph Hugo ((ca.) 1630Ė1704) who was the first to distinguish confederations based on alliances, decentralized unitary states such as the Roman Empire, and federations, characterized by Ďdouble governmentsí with territorial division of powers, in De Statu Regionum Germanie (1661) (cf. Elazar 1998; Riley 1976).

And in The Spirit of Laws (1748) Charles de Secondat, Baron de Montesquieu (1689-1755) argued for confederal arrangements to ensure the ideal scale of government required for political liberty understood as non-domination ó that is, security against abuse of power. A Ďconfederate republicí with separation of powers secures the requisite homogeneity, identification and self-sacrifice within sufficiently small sub-units where the common good subdues private interests thus preventing tyranny and Ďinternal imperfectioní. The sub-units pool powers sufficient to secure external security, reserving the right to secede (Book 9, 1). Sub-units also serve as checks on each other, since other sub-units may intervene to quell insurrection and power abuse in one sub-unit.

To my knowledge Achaemenid federalism is older than all western claims of federalism except achaemenid did not use the word federalism which is a Latin word means contract of trust, a contract that obligates all the signatories to respect and obey by it.

In the Satrap system of government each Satrap was independent of central government and had their own laws, rules and regulations for their native people which in some cases

Differed from central government laws, rules and regulations but respected the central law and it was in harmony with central government.

Now I am not claiming that Satrapi system of government was perfect and it was a democratic system of government, this would be far fetched to claim but the structure and infrastructure of Satrapi system was a form of federalism whith inclusive values that

Despite the defeat and humiliation that conquered nations went through by Persian it still made them a proud member of the empire. That is because of achmaenidís respect for conquered nations language, religion, identity and because of the choice that they were given to preserve and practice their own religion, speak their own language, read and write in their own language.






The central Starpi government was collecting taxes from satraps and conquered nation but it was not interfering in their economic system, in fact it set them free to do trade and establish the silk road, it allowed them to have a competitive economy to encourage  creativity and growth, the central government was not interfering in language and never tried to assimilate the language of any nation in fact it encourage them to speak read and write in their own languages to bring out the talents where they it made them more able bodies and made them to have more creative minds and brains.

Those nations who were part of Sartrapi had made the civilization to flourish, Speak, Read and Wrote in three official languages of Persian, Greek and Babylonian.


These openness and respect for other nation gave an advantage to achaemenid, Parthia and Sassanid to over come all odds against them and rule for more then 500 years, the system of government did not cause Iran to be broken into small pieces on the contrary it made the countries unity lasted for more than 500 years until it was usurped by Greek and Arabs ( I apologize to my Arab brothers, I mean no harm and I am not against them, this is merely a historical fact that I state here).

So the Satrapi was a uniting factor although it did not have the democracy that we know it today but for what it was, it was very democratic and much more progressive then todayís Iran.

Now that I have made my point and at least have drawn a parallel between Satrapi and federalism, I like to get into the federalism and make the point that why federalism is better for Iran and why it will serves the purpose to preserve Iran as we have it today and why it would prevent Iran from disintegrating.

We all desire a system of government that is fair, partial, a government that protects us all equally regardless of gender, race, religion. A government that is transparent and accountable to every citizen of Iran and a Government that every citizen has a part in and to make it or break it at will for better or worst because itís their government.


Many arguments for federalism have traditionally been put in terms of promoting various forms of liberty in the form of non-domination, immunity or enhanced opportunity sets. When considering reasons offered in the literature for federal political orders, many appear to be in favor of decentralization without requiring constitutional entrenchment of split authority. Two sets of arguments can be distinguished: Arguments favoring federal orders compared with secession and completely independent sovereign states; and arguments supporting federal arrangements rather than a (further) centralized unitary state. They occur in different forms and from different starting points, in defense of ícoming togetherí federalism, and in favor of íholding togetherí federalism.




Federations may foster peace, in the senses of preventing wars and preventing fears of war, in several ways. States can join a (con)federation to become jointly powerful enough to dissuade external aggressors such as European union, and/or to prevent aggressive and preemptive wars among themselves. The confederate shall move to a federation largely for the first of these reasons, since the center powers of the Confederacy are too weak for protection from external threats. The European federalists Altieri Spinelli, Ernesto Rossi and Eugenio Colorni argued the latter in the 1941 Ventotene Manifesto: Only a European federation could prevent war between totalitarian, aggressive states. Such arguments assume, of course, that the (con) federation will not become more aggressive than each state separately, a point Mill argued.


- Federations can promote economic prosperity by removing internal barriers to trade, through economies of scale, by establishing and maintaining inter-sub-unit trade agreements, or by becoming a sufficiently large global player to affect international trade regimes.


- Federal arrangements may protect individuals against political authorities by constraining state sovereignty, placing some powers with the center. By entrusting the center with authority to intervene in sub-units, the federal arrangements can protect minoritiesí human rights against sub-unit authorities. Such arguments assume, of course, that abuse by the center is less likely.


- Federations can facilitate other ends where credible commitments, coordination or control over Ďspill-overí effects and externalities by sovereign states is desired but difficult to ensure without transferring some powers to a common body. Since cooperation in some areas can create a need for further coordination in other sectors, federations often exhibit creeping centralization.


- Federal arrangements may enhance the political influence of formerly sovereign governments, both by facilitating coordination, and - particularly for small states ó by giving these sub-units influence or even veto over policy making, rather than remaining mere policy takers.


- Federal political orders can be preferred as the appropriate form of nested organizations, for instance in íorganicí conceptions of the political and social order. The federation may promote cooperation, justice or other values among and within sub-units as well as among and within their constituent units, for instance by monitoring, legislating, enforcing or funding agreements, human rights, immunity from interference, or development. Starting with the family, each larger unit responsible for facilitating the flourishing of sub-units and securing common goods beyond the reach of sub-units without a common authority. Such arguments have been offered by such otherwise divergent authors as Althusius, the Catholic traditions of subsidiarity as expressed by pope Leo XIII (1891) and Pius XI (1931), and Proudhon.










Democracy and federalism


First a federal system of government is not possible to create and maintain without democracy, the democracy and federalism go hand in hand and complement each other where lack of one will hurts the other.

The structure of a federal government is designed as such that it give great responsibility to the states, and govern in parallel where their authority is redundant and cross each other.   


Federalism raises several challenges to democratic theory, especially as developed for unitary states. Federal arrangements are often more complex, thereby challenging standards of transparency and accountability. The restricted political agendas of each center of authority also require defense and shield from intruding into one another area.


The power that sub-units wield in federations often restricts majority rule, in ways that may merit careful scrutiny; but Federal political orders typically influence individualsí political influence by skewing their voting weight in favor of citizens of small sub-units, or by granting sub-unit representatives veto rights on central decisions. Minorities thus appear exercise control in principles of political equality and one-person-one-vote ó more so when sub-units are of different size. The situation creates an illusion that appears minorities have achieved the goal of equality and that is the advantage that federalism offers to multinational countries such as Iran to other system of governments. This may appear as a deviation from ideal type unitary sovereign state that Persian majority envision in politics but the situation in Iran warrants this new contract on new social order that Iranian have moved forward to in the last one hundred years.

Such arguments may also contribute to the overarching loyalty required among citizenís żof stable, legitimate federations, who must understand themselves as members of two żcommonwealths. Let me make one point very clear to remove any doubt from the mind

Of cynical that they must understand the difference between federation and a confederation and do not substitute confederation for federation to deceive the honest

And unsuspecting minds of Iranian citizens at large since these two concepts are very close in definition but very different in practice and implementation.


Confederation:  in a confederation the central government is very weak and has no authority and jurisdiction over the sovereign states, the central government doesnít have authority over the defense, foreign policy, foreign trade and regulating the interstates trade and setting boundaries between confederated members such as European Union.

European Union is a confederation that has no executive power or authority to exercise

The authority thus its only exist by consensus of confederate members, the confederated

Members have all the executive power and independent and sovereignty as an




 Independent country and are treated as such, the confederated members set foreign policies, regulate trades, and implement their own rule of law in their countries.

But this is not what we in Baloch united Front (federal republican) envisions or want,

This form of social order, social contract, and constitution is that plunged the United State of America to civil war in 1800.

The democracy in a confederation is the domain of each confederated member and which

Can not be discussed here in general and its up to the members to decide weather they want a presidential democracy or parliamentary democracy.

So this kind of government did not pass Its test and milestone so let me be clear one more time that we do not want an Iranian Confederation for Iran.  


Federation: I discussed the federation and federalism in detail,

Letís get to the democracy for federalism that we envision for Iran.

The first advantage of is that it prevents the military take over of the governments and coup deítat for the reason that I will explain later in a presidential or parliamentary democracy.

When presidential democracy is coupled with federalism it offers one citizen one vote

But to have fair election, it necessary to create Electoral College to make campaigning

More accessible to states, counties and the cities and have fair distribution of campaign

Spending to the cities and the states, which is very effective tool for the public political


In a presidential democracy citizen vote for a candidate and not a party, therefore the most qualified person is elected based on their merit of qualification which includes

Education, experience, mannerism, personality, success, or failure of his or her life,

Political agenda, plan for the country, economic plan for the states or counties and cities,

Plans for the society and many other things that are out of range of this discussion in this

Little time I have.

In a presidential democracy the citizen will get to know the candidates, will talk to the candidates, and scrutinize their plan since the citizen are in close contact with the candidates and its also a very transparent process that there is no obscurity in it. An example of such a presidential democracy is United States of America

For this reason the political process and democracy is very creative and competitive and bring out the best talents in the country to lead the nation.


Another aspect that makes presidential democracy a favorite is the clear-cut separation of power between Executive, legislative and judiciary branches that lead to checks and balances in a presidential democracy.


In contrast which is also another choice is the parliamentary democracy which all of us know that the citizens will vote for the party and not for the candidates such an example is United Kingdom and India.

In the parliamentary democracy the citizens donít know the candidate, they donít know the candidates qualifications, education, experience and background, and another obstacle





is that there is no clear-cut separation of power between legislative and executive branches of government and this leads to lack of checks and balances, this is a gray area that citizens must deal with and accept as a political fact but I may add that despite of the lack of checks and balances and no clear-cut separation of power, the parliamentary democracy could be more flexibile and responsiveness to the public.


When a party wins the election then party executives will decided for the whole nation

To choose a president, prime minister but the minority parties in a parliamentary democracy gets a better chance to take part in the government and have a representation

In coalition with other parties to form the government therefore gets a piece of the action this way.

But in this regard as long as the system of government is federalism, it doesnít matter whether Iran will have a presidential democracy or a parliamentary democracy.


We are adamant in our demand for a federal system of government due to fact that federalism preserve our identity, language, culture, art, traditions, controlling our own destiny and decision making power is vested in our own regional government or state by that I mean, once a new social and political contract of trust for entire Iran is established which is the constitution that I am referring to here, each member state will have their own regional or state or satrap constitution which conforms to the federal constitution and is not allowed to violate or deviate from the federal constitution.

Each member state will have their own paramilitary to protect the satrap from intrusion and that consist of satrap national guard, satrap coast guard, satrap police, where the national guard and cost guard and satrap or state police would be under the command of the satrap or governor, the city police would be under the command of the mayor and

There would be county sheriff (zhandar merey) to have jurisdiction over the county law and order which is a wider area then the city.

Itís the existence of these paramilitary units in parallel to the federal military that would prevent the federal military from launching coup díetat and creates a politically stable Iran that will be a role model in Middle East.


The federating unitís constitution is forced to comply with federal constitution therefore forces the federating members to adopt a local federal system of government and a presidential or parliamentary democracy.


Each federating member would have their own regional, state or Satrapi legislation, executive, and judiciary branches where the legislative branch would have two local, regional, state or satrap houses or upper and lower houses of local parliament.

The two houses will have jurisdiction to legislate law according to their citizens needs.

The local executive branch will implement the local laws and making sure that the implementation will stay within the limits of their federally constituted rights and

The local, satrap judiciary, and Supreme Court would resolve the local laws issues.

The significance of two house is that they over see the executive branch activities and

Executive branch also oversee the legislative branches activities and so is the judiciary as

They are three equal branches to create checks and balances at the local or satrap level.








With a federal system of government and a presidential or parliamentary democracy

A competitive and creative environment is created where the federating members compete among each other for business, job creation, improvement of life and liberty for

Their citizen and making progress inevitable and to appear on the horizon, when Satraps

Competes among each other to create a better economy and to create better and more jobs

Every citizen in this country wins and the stalemate and hopelessness diminishes and


Progress would be made as the burden and responsibilities are shifted from federal government shoulder to local, state or satrap shoulders, and allowing the federating members to carry their weights.


The Federal government would have a role of referee to resolve the issues if they arise among the federating members and on the other hand the federal government would collect taxes from citizens to spend toward progress of the country, this would allow the federal government to focus solely on the defense, trade, foreign trade, and foreign policies as

The federating members would have the ownership of the local trade, economic policies,

Social welfare, general social policies, and local issues and nothing could be blamed on the federal government since federal government transfers the responsibilities to local governing bodies.   


The free press is the hallmark of federal system of government with presidential or parliamentary democracy as free press become the guardian of the citizens,

Press directly and automatically becomes the citizenís guardian for life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness. 

Itís in this regard that free press would also become a major tool to control and combat corruption at all levels without compromise.

A federal system of government with presidential or parliamentary democracy is also coupled with free market economy and in fact itís a inspirable part of the system which promote the privatization of the economy where the government role will be only the monetary policy making to influence the economy by raising or lowering the interest rates and allowing the market to determine the currency value.

Such actions to influence the economy are necessary in time of recession or hitting up of the economy, or keeping the inflation in check, the techniques borrowed from Keynesians school of economic thought are proven to work and would keep the economy stable to







 the point that if Iran becomes an empire and ally of the Japan, united states, Germany, France, and Italy is to last not for centuries but for millenniums.

The question is why Iran would join the rank of empires? The answer is that because Iran with 70 million population and consumers if is a federal state would have an enormous

amount of money and assets that would lend to foreign government to draw interest and in the meantime receive favor and manipulate the other countries with its status of being

One of the richest countries, while this is only a dream for my Iran at the moment but itís also not far from reality if proper federal system of government is in place in my beloved country.



All industries will flourish because the central government will have no role in creating industries but only influencing the creation of industries therefore when the industries are

In hands of citizens and the creative and competitive citizens always want to improve their lives by turning up a profit would import all kind of industries while governments


 Ability is limited to creating all type of industries, the citizens sheer numbers would have the ability to create all forms of industry to make a better living therefore each citizen becomes a source of ability, creativity to spar the industrial growth, governments abilities are limited to train and produce industrial spies to bring industry and technology to the country, in such an open and creative environment every citizen becomes an industrial spy to bring the technology to the country to make a profit and living.


The education promotion and policy would also become the satrapís responsibilities,

As the decisions are made locally and schools are funded locally with the help of the federal government, the progress is rapid and often more result oriented and encourages

The private sector including the religious organizations and not-for-profit organizations

To invest in educational areas, therefore enabling the society and local governments

To take care of their educational needs to stay competitive.


 The health and wellbeing is another area that would make better and rapid progress as

The central government support and fund allocation is eliminated and the responsibility of caring for citizens is transferred to the local government and publicís local representatives.






In such an environment the officials who are elected every two or fours years also have to stay competitive and ahead of their competitors other ways the elected officials would have no job after two or four years if they donít do a good job caring for citizens health, education and job creation.


Economy would make a frog leap toward improvement and expansion as all the major decisions are made locally to suit the society needs in the region; the local economic planners would have to stay competitive and creative toward job creation and citizenís

Welfare, the door would open for every body and bring the much needed economic opportunity to the citizens in the region.









At the end our hope is that we would not be labeled secessionist and all our Iranian citizens would understand our need not only for democracy but also for federalism to preserve Iranís integrity as a country.

If Iran is not transformed into a federal democratic country in this new age where the national identity is a source of pride and a lot of nations with population less then one million has became an independent country; Iran would be portioned in small pieces especially when the super powers slogan is to divide and conquer is a reality; there would be nothing to stop Iran from disintegration.


Long live diversity, long live inclusiveness, long live peace, long live democracy

 Note: the Arab(s) in this article means Arab from Hejaz(Current Saudi Arabia) and not Khozestan Arabs.



Thank you


Jamshid Amiri

Representative: Balochistan United front (Federal Republican) 


Legend:  Satrap is an ancient Persian work meaning state or province but itís used in the

               Context of state in a federation. Literally means province or state.